A final decree closing the case must be
entered after the estate has been “fully administered.” Fed.
R. Bankr. P. 3022. Local bankruptcy court policies generally
determine when the final decree is entered and the case closed.
CHAPTER 11 NOTES
1. Debts not discharged include debts for
alimony and child support, certain taxes, debts for certain
educational benefit overpayments or loans made or guaranteed by a
governmental unit, debts for willful and malicious injury by the
debtor to another entity or to the property of another entity,
debts for death or personal injury caused by the debtor’s
operation of a motor vehicle while the debtor was intoxicated from
alcohol or other substances, and debts for certain criminal
restitution orders.11 U.S.C. § 523(a). The debtor will continue
to be liable for these types of debts to the extent that they are
not paid in the chapter 11 case. Debts for money or property
obtained by false pretenses, debts for fraud or defalcation while
acting in a fiduciary capacity, and debts for willful and
malicious injury by the debtor to another entity or to the
property of another entity will be discharged unless a creditor
timely files and prevails in an action to have such debts declared
nondischargeable. 11 U.S.C. § 523(c); Fed. R. Bankr. P. 4007(c).